Artificial intelligence in medicine:
What oncologists need to know about its potential,
and its limitation
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Artificial intelligence is defined as the ability of a machine to independently replicate intellectual processes typical of humans. Machine learning — the ability of computers to autonomously learn from data — is a subset of artificial intelligence. Research into machine learning in healthcare is growing at an exponential rate. This article explores various applications of machine learning, such as risk modelling (including risk of developing cancer, risk of disease recurrence, or risk of treatment complications), improving diagnostic and staging investigation accuracy, predicting prognosis, and even predicting response to therapy.